National Long-Term Care Survey

Results of Search for Publications re: NLTCS

A comparative analysis of ADL questions in surveys of older people.   Rodgers W, Miller B. Journal of Gerontology: Ser B-Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 1997. 52:21-36. Abstract.

A data perspective on long-term care.  Liu K. Gerontologist. 1994. 34(4):476. ProQuest.

A Descriptive Analysis of Patterns of Informal and Formal Caregiving among Privately Insured and Non-Privately Insured Disabled Elders Living in the Community.   Anonymous. LifePlans, Inc, The Center for Health and Long-Term Care Research. 1999. April. Full Text.

A Longitudinal Study Of Functional Change And Mortality In The United States.   Manton KG. Journal of Gerontology. 1988.43(5):S153-61. Abstract.

A longitudinal-study of residential differences in the composition of the helping networks of impaired elders.   Coward RT, Dwyer JW. Journal of Aging Studies. 1991. 5(4):391-407.

A Multidimensional Approach To Case Mix For Home Health Services.  Manton KG, Hausner T. Health Care Financing Review. 1987. 8(4):37-54. Abstract.

A Profile Of Functionally Impaired Elderly Persons Living In The Community.   Macken CL. Health Care Financing Review. 1986. 7(4):33-49. Abstract.

A race- and gender-specific replication of five dimensions of functional limitation and disability.  Clark DO, Stump TE, Wolinsky FD. Journal of Aging and Health. 1997. 9(1):28-42. Abstract.

A Review of Technical Requirements for Ramps.   Sanford Jon A. Prepared for: US Access Board. 1996. Contract Number QA930020, January 31. Full Text.

Active life expectancy estimates for US elderly population: Multidimenstional continuous mixture model of functional change applied to completed cohorts, 1982 to 1996.  Manton KG, Land KC. Demography. 2000. 37(3):253-65. Abstract.

Active Life Expectancy in the US Elderly Population 1982-1991: Dynamic Equilibria of Mortality and Disability.  Manton KG, Stallard E, Corder LS. Center for Demographic Studies. 1993. Duke University.

ADL Dependent People May Also Be Sick: Neglect Of The 'Home Health' Population In The Home Care Debate.   Williams BC, Weissert WG. Home Health Care Services Quarterly. 1994. 14(4):23-35. Abstract.

Aging and health in old age.   Manton KG. International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Science. 2001. Elsvier Science:Oxford, England.

Aging Populations and Disaster Readiness Training.   Turner Keith W. The University of North Texas, Department of Applied Gerontology. 2001. October.

An Old-Age Security Motive For Fertility In The United States?   Rendall MS, Bahchieva RA. Population and Development Review. 1998.24(2):293-307.

Analyses of cohort mortality incorporating observed and unobserved risk factors.   Manton KG, Lowrimore GR, Yashin AI, Tolley HD. Computers Math Applic. 1997. 25(7):89-107.

Analysis of Hospital Length of Stay and Discharge Destination Using Hazard Functions with Unmeasured Heterogeneity.   Picone G, Wilson MR, Chou SY. Research supported by University of South Florida and NIA. 2001. Reprint.

Analysis Of Underwriting Factors For AAPCC (adjusted average per capita cost).   Manton KG, Stallard E. Health Care Financing Review. 1992. 14(1):117-32. Abstract.

Are For-Profit Hospital Conversions Harmful to Patients and to Medicare?   Picone G, Chou SY, Sloan FA. RAND Journal of Economics. 2002. 33(3):507-523. Reprint.

Assessing Health Care Costs in the Elderly.  Tolley HD, Manton KG. Society of Actuaries. 1985. pages 579-603.

Attitudes toward and use of subsequent nursing home services among a national sample of older adults.   Rabiner DJ. Journal of Aging and Health. 1996. 8(3):417-443. Abstract.

Barriers to Using National Surveys for Understanding Rural Health Policy Issues.   Schur Claudia L, Good Cynthia D, Berk Marc L. The Project HOPE Walsh Center for Rural Health Analysis, 7500 Old Georgetown Road, Suite 600, Bethesda, Maryland 20814-6133. 1998. May. Reprint.

Bearing The Costs Of Our Eldercare Policies: Work Constraints Among Employed Caregivers.   Mutschler PH. Journal of Aging and Social Policy. 1993. 5(4):23-49. Abstract.

Brookings/ICF Long Term Care Financing Model: Model Assumptions Executive Summary.   Kennell David L, Alecxih Lisa Maria B, Wiener Joshua M and Hanley Raymond J. US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Office of Disability, Aging and Long-Term Care Policy (DALTCP). 1992. Feb. Executive Summary.

Burden among white and black caregivers to elderly adults.   Fredman L, Daly MP, Lazur AM. Journal of Gerontology: Ser B-Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 1995. 50(2):S110-S118. ProQuest.

Care arrangement decisions for frail older women: Quantitative and qualitative perspectives.   Jenkins CL. Journal of Women Aging. 2000. 12(3-4):3-20. Abstract.

Caregiver Burden and Institutionalization, Hospital Use, and Stability of Care.   Miller Baila, McFall Stephanie. US Department of Health and Human Services. Report prepared by the University of Illinois at Chicago. Executive Summary.

Caregiver burden and nursing-home admission of frail elderly persons.   McFall S, Miller BH. Journal of Gerontology. 1992. 47(2):S73-S79. ProQuest.

Caregiver burden and the continuum of care - A longitudinal perspective.   Miller B, McFall S. Research on Aging. 1992. 14(3):376-398.

Caregiver Role Appraisal And Caregiver Tasks As Factors In Ending Caregiving.   Kasper JD, Steinbach U, Andrews J. Journal of Aging and Health. 1994.6(3):397-414. Abstract.

Caregivers of the Frail Elderly: A National Profile.   Stone R. National Center for Health Services Research and Health Care Technology Assessment. 1986.

Caregiving networks of elderly persons: Variation by marital status.   Barrett AE, Lynch SM. Gerontologist. 1999. 39(6):695-704. ProQuest.

Change in the number of informal helpers of frail older persons.   Miller B, Furner SE. Public Health Rep. 1994. 109(4):583-586.

Changes In Health Service Use And Mortality Among US Elderly In 1980-1986.   Manton KG, Vertrees JC, Wrigley JM. Journal of Aging and Health. 1990. 2(2):131-56. Abstract.

Changes in Health, Mortality, and Disability and Their Impact on Long-Term Care Needs.  Manton KG, Stallard E. Journal of Aging and Social Policy. 1996. 7(3/4):25-52.

Changes in home care use by disabled elderly persons: 1982-1994.   Liu K, Manton KG, Aragon C. Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences. 2000. 55B:S245-S253. Abstract.

Changes In Morbidity And Chronic Disability In The US Elderly Population: Evidence From The 1982, 1984, And 1989 National Long Term Care Surveys.   Manton KG, Stallard E, Corder LS. Journal of Gerontology: Ser B-Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 1995. 50(4):S194-204. Abstract.

Changes in sources of community long-term-care among african-american and white frail older persons.   Miller B, McFall S, Campbell RT. Journal of Gerontology. 1994. 49(1):S14-S24. Abstract. ProQuest.

Changes in the age dependence of mortality and disability: cohort and other determinants.  Manton KG, Stallard E, Corder LS. Demography. 1997. 34(1):135-157.

Changes in the helping behaviors of adult children as caregivers.   Dwyer JW, Henretta JC, Coward RT, Barton AJ. Research on Aging. 1992. 14(3):351-375.

Changes in the prevalence of chronic disability in the United States black and nonblack population above age 65 from 1982 to 1999.   Manton KG, Gu X. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA. 2001. 98(11):6354-9. Abstract. Full Text (.html). Full Text (.pdf).

Changes in the Prevalence of Diseases in Older Americans: 1984 - 1994.  Crimmins EM, Saito Y. Demographic Research. 2000. 3(9). Full Text (HTML). Reprint (PDF).

Changes in the Use of Personal Assistance and Special Equipment from 1982 to 1989: Results from the 1982 and 1989 NLTCS.   Manton KG, Corder LS, Stallard E. Gerontologist. 1993. 33(2):768-77. Abstract.

Characteristics of Caregivers Based on the Survey of Income and Program Participation.   Alecxih LMB, Zeruld S, Olearczyk BA. Administration on Aging. 2001. 5 Sept. 2001.

Chronic Disability Is Decreasing In The United States, Particularly Among Black Americans.   Manton KG, Gu X. Geriatrics. 2001. Duluth; Jul.

Chronic disability trends in elderly United States populations 1982 - 1994.   Manton KG, Corder LS, Stallard E. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA. 1997. 94:2593-2598. Abstract. Full Text.

Chronic disease models.   Manton KG. The Encyclopedia of Biostatistics. 1997. Armitage P, Colton T, Eds.). Wiley:New York.

Chronic morbidity and disability in the US elderly population: Recent trends and population implications.   Manton KG. Handbook of Pain and Aging. 1997. Mostofsky DI, Lomranz J, Eds., Plenum:New York, pp. 37-67.

Cognitive Impairment Among Functionally Limited Elderly People In The Community: Future Considerations For Long-Term Care Policy.   Kasper JD. Milbank Quarterly. 1990. 68(1):81-109. Abstract.

Cognitive Impairment and Disruptive Behaviors Among Community-Based Elderly Persons: Implications for Targeting Long-Term Care.   Spector, William D. Gerontologist. 1991. 31(1):51-9. Abstract.

Collecting Information on Disability in the 2000 Census: An Example of Interagency Cooperation.   Adler Michele C, Clark Robert F, DeMaio Theresa J, Miller Louisa F, and Saluter Arlene F. Social Security Bulletin. 1999. 62(4):21-30.

Combining activities of daily living with instrumental activities of daily living to measure functional disability.   Spector WD, Fleishman JA. Journal of Gerontology: Ser B-Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 1998. 53(1):S46-S57. Abstract. ProQuest.

Comment on Robert L Brown's "Social Security: Regressive or Progressive?".   Manton KG, Land KC. North American Actuarial Journal. 1998. 2:27-28. Full Text

Community based long-term care for the elderly - The national long-term care survey and the national survey of informal caregivers.   Scharff JA, Macken C, Zappolo A, Thorburn P, Hanley R, Gayer P. Gerontologist. 1984. 24:248-248.

Comparison of services among different types of home health agencies.   Williams B. Medical Care. 1994. 32(11):1134-1152. Abstract.

Competing Demands of Employment and Informal Caregiving to Disabled Elders.   Stone Robyn I, Short Pamela Farley. Agency for Health Care Policy and Research. 1990.

Compression of disability: evidence from the national long-term care survey.   Corder LS. Nutr Rev. 1996. 54(1):S9-S16.

Cost and Outcomes of Stroke and Hip Fracture: Rising Costs but Better Outcomes?   Sloan FA, Taylor DH Jr, Picone GA. American Journal of Public Health. 1999. 89(6): 935-937. Abstract.

Cross-Sectional Estimates Of Active Life Expectancy For The US Elderly And Oldest-Old Populations.   Manton KG, Stallard E. Journal of Gerontology. 1991. 46(3):S170-82. Abstract.

Current trends in healthy life expectancy and declining disability rates in the USA.   Manton KG. World Health Report 1998: Life in the 21st Century? Vision for All. 1998. World Health Organization:Geneva, Switzerland.

Decreasing morbidity will affect LTC insurance.   Stallard E. LTC News and Comment: News and Views on the Financing of Long-Term Care. 1999. 9:1-3, July.

Defining Disability: Implications Of Measurement For Trends In Disability Rates.   Kunkel Suzanne R, Mehdizadeh S, Bailer AJ. Gerontologist. 2000. Oct 15, p355.

Demographic trends among the aging female population.   Manton KG. Journal of the American Medical Women's Association. 1997. 52(3):99-105. Abstract. Full Text.

Demographics and Medical Care Spending: Standard and Non-Standard Effects.   Cutler DM, Sheiner L. National Bureau of Economic Research, Working Papers. 1998. No. 6866. Full Text.

Demography of populations and global aging: Societal implications of the oldest-old.   Manton KG. in Modern Topics in the Biology of Aging. Cristofalo VJ, Adelman D. (Eds). in Advances in Gerontology and Geriatrics, series editor-in-chief Powell Lawton. Springer:New York, in press.

Determinants Of Primary Caregiver Stress And Burden: Area Of Residence And The Caregiving Networks Of Frail Elders.   Dwyer JW, Miller MK. Journal of Rural Health. 1990.6(2):161-84. Abstract.

Determining Comparable Levels of Functional Disability.   Kassner Enid, Beth Jackson. Public Policy Institute, AARP, 601 E Street, NW, Washington, DC 20049. 1998. April. Summary.

Determining the amount of help used by disabled elderly persons at home: The role of coping resources.   Boaz RF, Hu JX. Journal of Gerontology: Ser B-Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 1997. 52(6):S317-S324. ProQuest.

Differences In Characteristics Of The Caregiving Network By Area Of Residence: Implications For Primary Caregiver Stress And Burden.   Dwyer JW, Miller MK. Family Relations. 1990. 39(1):27. JSTOR.

Director's Statement FY 2002 for the House and Senate Appropriation Subcommittees on.   Hodes Richard J. Department Of Health And Human Services, National Institutes Of Health. 2001. Link.

Disability and mortality: Interactions with retirement age.   Manton KG. Social Security Bulletin. 1996. 59(4):71-74. Full Text. Table 1. Table 2. Table 3. Table 4.

Disability in Older Adults 1: Prevalence, Causes, and Consequences.   Ostir Glenn V, Carlson John E, Black Sandra A, Rudkin Laura, Goodwin James S, Markides Kyriakos S. Behavioral Medicine. 1999. 24(4):147-56.

Disabled elders' out-of-pocket home care expenses: Examining financial burden.   Stum MS, Bauer JW, Delaney PJ. Journal of Consumer Affairs. 1998. 32(1):82-105. ProQuest.

Discussion of "Combining life table data" by GW Fellingham and HD Tolley.  Stallard E. North American Actuarial Journal. 1999. 3(3):38-39.

Do elderly medicaid patients experience reduced access to nursing-home care.   Ettner SL. Journal of Health Economics. 1993. 12(3):259-280. Abstract.

Does assistive technology substitute for personal assistance among the disabled elderly?   Hoenig H, Taylor DH Jr, Sloan FA. American Journal of Public Health. 2003. 93(2):330-7. Abstract.

Does Higher Hospital Cost Imply Higher Quality of Care?   Picone GA, Sloan FA, Chou SY, Taylor DH Jr. Review of Economics and Statistics. 2003. 85(1):51-62.

Doing Without: The Sacrifices Families Make To Provide Home Care.   Anonymous. Families USA Foundation. 1994.

Dynamic paradigms for human mortality and aging.   Manton KG. Journal of Gerontology: Biological Sciences. 1999. 54A:B247-B254. Figure 1. Figure 2.

Economic effects of reducing disability.   Manton KG, Stallard E, Corder LS. American Economic Review: Proceedings. 1998. 88(2):101-105. JSTOR.

Economic well-being of disabled elderly living in the community.   Stum MS, Bauer JW, Delaney PJ. Financial Counseling and Planning. 1993. 4:199-216. Abstract.

Economic Well-Being of Non-Institutionalized Elderly with Functional Limitations.   Stum Marlene S. Family Economics and Gerontology, University of Minnesota Extension Service, Specialist Research Report. 1992. August. Full Text.

Education specific estimates of life expectancy and age specific disability in the US elderly population: 1982 to 1991.   Manton KG, Stallard E, Corder LS. Journal of Aging and Health. 1997. 9:419-450. Abstract.

Effect of Alzheimer disease on the cost of treating other diseases.  Sloan FA, Taylor DH Jr.. Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord. 2002. 16(3):137-43. Abstract.

Effects of admission to a teaching hospital on the cost and quality of care for medicare beneficiaries.   Taylor DH, Whellan DJ, Sloan FA. New England Journal of Medicine. 1999. 340(4):293-299. Abstract.

Effects of medical research on health care and the economy.   Pardes H, Manton KG, Lander ES, Tolley HD, Ullian AD, Palmer H. Science. 1999. 283:36-37. Full Text (html). Abstract. Comment by Andreopoulos and Response.

Effects Of Medicare's Hospital Prospective Payment System (PPS) On Disabled Medicare Beneficiaries.  Liu Korbin, Manton KG. DHHS, ASPE, HCFA. Final Report, February, 1988.

Effects Of The Medicare Alzheimer's Disease Demonstration On Nursing Home Entry.   Miller Robert, Newcomer Robert, Fox Patrick. Health Services Research. 1999. August v34 i3 p691(1).

Eligibility for publicly financed home care.   Jackson ME, Burwell B, Clark RF, Harahan M. American Journal of Public Health. 1992. 82(6):853-856. ProQuest.

Epidemiology.   Manton KG. Encyclopedia of Gerontology. 1996. (Birren JE, Ed.). Academic Press:San Diego.

Estimates of change in chronic disability and institutional incidence and prevalence rates in the United States elderly population from the 1982, 1984 and 1989 national long-term care survey.   Manton KG, Corder LS, Stallard E. Journal of Gerontology. 1993. 48(4):S153-S166. Abstract.

Estimating family long-term care decisions in the presence of endogenous child characteristics.  Stern S. Journal of Human Resources. 1995. 30(3):551-80. Jstor.

Estimating the Prevalence of Long-Term Disability for an Aging Society.  Kunkel SR, Applebaum RA. Journal of Gerontology. 1992. 47(5):S253-60. Full Text.

Evidence for Decline in Disability and Improved Health Among Persons Aged 55 to 70 Years: The Framingham Heart Study.  Allaire SH, LaValley MP, Evans SR, O'Connor GT, Kelly-Hayes M, Meenan RF, Levy D, Felson DT. American Journal of Public Health. 1999. 89(11):1678-1683.

Facilitating The Use of National Surveys In Rural Health: An Issue Paper.   Anonymous. National Rural Health Association. 1998. Much of the material for this issue paper is drawn from Barriers to Using National Surveys for Understanding Rural Health Policy Issues, a policy analysis brief (May 1998) of the Project Hope Walsh Center for Rural Health Analysis. The authors of that paper are Claudia L. Schur, Cynthia D. Good, and Marc L. Berk. May. Full Text.

Factors Associated with Ending Caregiving Among Informal Caregivers to the Functionally and Cognitively Impaired Elderly Population.   Kasper JD, Steinbach U, and Andrews J. National Technical Information Service (NTIS), Department of Commerce, 5285 Port Royal Road, Springfield, Virginia 22161. 1990. Feb. Full Text.

Family Caregiving in an Aging Society.   Tennstedt Sharon. Presented at the US Administration on Aging Symposium: Longevity in the New American Century, Baltimore, MD. 1999. March 29, 1999. Link.

Family Structure and Institutionalization: Results from Merged Data.  McNally James and Wolf Douglas A. Papers in Microsimulation, Maxwell Center for Demography and Economics of Aging, Syracuse University. 1996. Microsimulation Paper #2. Full Text.

Family, households, and care arrangements of frail older women - A structural-analysis.   Soldo BJ, Wolf DA, Agree EM. Journal of Gerontology. 1990. 45(6):S238-S249. ProQuest.

Final Report of the US Bipartisan Commission on Comprehensive Health Care.   The Pepper Commission. Sept. 1990.

Forecasting methods for HIV/AIDS and aging.   Manton KG, Stallard E. Research on Aging. 1998. Ory, MG, Zablotsky, D. eds. 20(6):846-864.

Forecasts of active life expectancy - Policy and fiscal implications.   Manton KG, Stallard E, Liu K. Journal of Gerontology. 1993. 48:11-26. Abstract.

Forecasts of future disabled and institutionalized US populations 1995 to 2040.   Manton KG, Corder LS. Ageing, Social Security and Affordability. 1998. Chapter 4.2, pp. 327-348.

From executive suite to production line how employees in different occupations manage elder care responsibilities.   Mutschler PH. Research on Aging. 1994. 16(1):7-26.

Future Directions for Residential Long-Term Care Health Services Research.   Spector William D, Potter DEB, De La Mare Jan. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. 2000. Expert Meeting Summary, October 14-15, 1999 for the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. AHRQ Publication No. 01-0007. October. Link.

Future trends in chronic disability and institutionalization: Implications for LTC service needs.   Manton KG. in Long Term Care. Jolt H, Leibovici MM (Eds). Volume in the Health Care Management: State of the Art Reviews Series. Hanley & Befus:Philadelphia. 1997. 177-191. Abstract.

Fuzzy Health Indices and the Performance of Race and Gender in a Competing Risks Model of Nursing Home Entry and Death.   Headen, Alvin E. NCSU. 1995. Link.

FY 2002 Hearing on Life Span House Subcommittee on Labor-HHS-Education Appropriations.   Hodes Richard J. Department Of Health And Human Services, National Institutes Of Health. 2001. April 4. Link.

Gender differences in parent care: Demographic factors and same-gender preferences.   Lee GR, Dwyer JW, Coward RT. Journal of Gerontology. 1993. 48(1):S9-S16. Abstract. ProQuest.

Gender Differences in Spouse Caregiver Strain: Socialization and Role Explanations.   Miller, Baila. Journal of Marriage and Family. 1990. 52(2):311-321. JSTOR.

Gender, Race, And The Distribution Of Social Assistance: Medicaid Use Among The Frail Elderly.   Meyer, Madonna Harrington. Gender & Society. 1994. 8(1):8-28. Jstor.

Health and disability differences among racial and ethnic groups.   Manton KG, Stallard E. Racial and Ethnic Differences in the Health of Older Americans. 1997. Committee on Population, National Research Council:Washington, DC, pp. 43-104.

Health and life expectancy.   Manton KG. Brocklehurst? Textbook of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology. 2001. 6th edition. Churchill Livingston:London, in press.

Health Specification and Biased Estimates of Wealth Effects: Fuzzy vs Crisp Health indices and the Performance of Wealth in a Competing Risks Model of Nursing Home Entry and Death.  Headen AE, Woodbury MA. Working Papers. 1995.

Home care for the disabled elderly - Predictors and expected costs.   Coughlin TA, Mcbride TD, Perozek M, Liu KB. Health Services Research. 1992. 27(4):453-479.

Home health and skilled nursing facility use: 1982-90.  Manton KG, Stallard E, Woodbury MA. Health Care Financing Review. 1994. 16(1):155-86. Abstract.

Home health and SNF use by chronically disabled persons.   Manton KG, Stallard E, Corder LS. Presented Paper. American Public Health Association, 126th Annual Meeting. Washington, DC, November 15-19. 1998.

Hospital Ownership and Cost and Quality of Care: Is There a Dime's Worth of Difference?   Sloan FA, Picone GA, Taylor DH Jr, Chou SY. Journal of Health Economics. 2001. 20(1):1-21. Abstract.

How could demographic changes affect the Social Security system: Perspectives on forecasting mortality.   Manton KG. Testimony before the House Budget Committee, Task Force for Social Security. April 13, 1999, Washington, DC.

How Do Alternative Eligibility Triggers Affect Access To Private Long-Term Care Insurance?   Alecxih LMB, Lutzky S. Association of Retired Persons, Public Policy Institute. 1996. August. Abstract.

How much do persons with Alzheimer's disease cost Medicare?   Taylor DH, Sloan FA. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. 2000. 48(6):639-646. Abstract.

How recent advances in medical research hold the potential to increase human health and longevity, and reduce Medicare disability rates.   Manton KG. American Federation for Aging Research. 1999. Presented at the Productive Aging Policy Forum, November 2, 1999, New York.

Impact of proxy-reported data on the relationship between income and severity of functional impairment among impaired elderly.   Semaan S. Journal of Applied Gerontology. 1994. 13(4):341-354.

Implications of disability decline for Medicare.   Singer BH, Manton KG. National Bureau of Economic Research. 1999. Summer Institute on Aging Workshop, July 28, Cambridge, Mass.

Improved versus deteriorated physical functioning among long-term disabled elderly.   Boaz RF. Medical Care. 1994. 32(6):588-602. Abstract.

Inequalities of life: Statistical analysis and modeling perspectives.   Manton KG, Yashin AI. Chapter 4 in Age Between Nature and Culture. 1999. Sauvain-Dugerdil, C. (Ed). University of Geneva: Geneva Switzerland. Full Text. Table 1.

Informal Caregiver "Burnout": Predictors And Prevention.   Doty Pamela. ASPE Research Notes. 1993. April. Full Text.

Infrastructure of Home and Community Based Services for the Functionally Impaired Elderly: State Source Book.   Anonymous. Administration on Aging. 1995. Washington, D. C.

Integrating acute and long-term care.  Walter N Leutz, Merwyn R Greenlick, and John A Capitman. Health Affairs: The Policy Journal of the Health Sphere. 1994. 13(5):59-74. Full Text.

International evidence on disability trends among the elderly.   Manton KG. Final Report for the Department of Health and Human Services. 1998. ASPE Report. Full Text

Is The Health Of Older Persons In OECD Countries Improving Fast Enough To Compensate For Population Ageing?   Jacobzone Stephane, Cambois Emmanuelle, Robine Jean-Marie. OECD Economic Studies. 2000. Wntr p149.

Justification: National Institute on Aging, Authorizing Legislation: Section 301 and Title IV of the Public Health Service Act, as amended.   Anonymous. Department Of Health And Human Services, National Institutes Of Health. 2001. 2001/11/01. Reprint.

Limitations in Activities of Daily Living Among the Elderly: Data Analyses from the 1989 National Long-Term Care Survey.   Anonymous. National Aging Information Center. 1996. May 31. Reprint.

Literature Review of the Status of Research on the Transportation and Mobility Needs of Older Women.   Wallace Robert B, Franc Danie. Traffic Tech. 1994. Technology Transfer Series Number 208. Full Text.

Long Term Care Arrangements for Elderly Persons with Disabilities: Private and Public Roles.   Spillman, Brenda C, Peter Kemper. Home Health Care Services Quarterly. 1992. 13:5-34.

Long Term Care Services To Older People, A Perspective On Future Needs : The Impact Of An Improving Health Of Older Persons.   Jacobzone Stephane, Cambois Emmanuelle, Chaplain Emmanuel, Robine Jean-Marie. Maintaining Prosperity In An Ageing Society: the OECD study on the policy implications of ageing. 1998. Working Paper AWP 4.2.

Long Term Care: Definition, Demand, Cost,and Financing.   McCall Nelda. American College of Healthcare Executives. 2001. 27 Aug Reprint.

Long Term Health Care.   Stum Marlene. Early Report. 1991. 18(3). Abstract.

Long-Term Care and Family Bargaining.   Stern Steven, Maxim Engers. International Economic Review. 2000. Forthcoming. Reprint.

Long-Term Care Financing Proposals: Their Costs, Benefits and Impact on Private Insurance.   Cohen, Marc A. Health Insurance Association of America. 1991. A5173-5.

Long-Term Care for the Elderly with Disabilities: Current Policy, Emerging Trends, and Implications for the Twenty-First Century.   Stone, Robyn I. The Milbank Memorial Fund. 2000. ISBN 1-887748-38-5 Full Text.

Long-Term Care for the Frail Elderly in Florida: Expanding Choices, Containing Costs.   Polivka Larry, Dunlop Burton D, Rothman Max B. Long-Term Care Policy Series Prepared for the Commission on Long-Term Care in Florida. 1996. Volume I Link.

Long-Term Care: Actuarial Issues in Designing Voluntary Federal-Private LTC Insurance Programs.   Barney HL, Bodnar VL, Cheung MA, Powell AV, Stallard E, Trapnell GR, Yee RK. American Academy of Actuaries:Washington, DC. 1999. Monograph. Reprint.

Longevity and long-lived populations.   Manton KG. Encyclopedia of Gerontology. 1996. Birren JE, Ed. Academic Press:San Diego.

Longevity in the United States: Age and sex specific evidence on life span limits from mortality patterns: 1960-1990.   Manton KG, Stallard E. Journal of Gerontology: Biological Sciences. 1996. 51A(5):B362-B375. Abstract.

Married Women's Allocation of Time to Employment and Care of Elderly Parents.   Wolf DA, Soldo BJ. Journal of Human Resources. 1994. 29(4):1259-76.

Measuring Cognitive Impairment with Large Data Sets, Long-Term Care Studies Program Research Reports.   Spector, William D. Agency for Health Care Policy and Research. 1991.

Measuring the Activities of Daily Living: Comparisons Across National Surveys.   Wiener JM, Hanley RJ, Clark R, Van Nostrand JF. Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences. 1990. 45(6):229-237. Abstract. ProQuest.

Measuring Trends in Disability Among the Elderly: An International Review.   Waidmann Timothy A, Manton KG. Final Report for the Department of Health and Human Services Prepared under contract HHS-100-97-0010, Task order on Trends in Disability Rates Among the Elderly. 2000. June 22, 2000.

Medicaid spenddown in nursing homes.  Liu K, Doty P, Manton K. Gerontologist. 1990. 30(1):7-15. Abstract.

Medicare: Need To Strengthen Home Health Care Payment Controls and Address Unmet Needs.   Anonymous. General Accounting Office. 1986. Dec.

Midlife and Older Americans with Disabilities: Who Gets Help? A Chartbook.   Kassner Enid, Bectel Robert W. Public Policy Institute, AARP. 1998. Reprint.

Minority use of community long-term care services: a comparative analysis.  B Miller, RT Campbell, L Davis, S Furner, A Giachello, T Prohaska, JE Kaufman, M Li and C Perez. Journal of Gerontology: Ser B-Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 1996. 51(2):S70-S81. Abstract.

Modeling Lifetime Nursing Home Use Under Assumptions Of Better Health.   Laditka SB. Journal of Gerontology: Ser B-Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 1998. 53(4):S177-87. Abstract. ProQuest.

Modeling Medicare Costs of PACE Populations.   Robinson J, Karon S. Health Care Financing Review. 2000. 21(3):149-170. Abstract. ProQuest.

Models for forecasting chronic disease processes in adult and elderly populations: Effects of stochasticity.   Manton KG, Dowd E. Journal of Epidemiology and Biostatistics. 1999. 4(1):11-18. Abstract.

Money Management Needs Of Elderly Living In The Community.   Bauer, JW, Stum, MS. Financial Counseling and Planning. 1994. 5:147-159. Link.

Monitoring changes in the health of the US elderly population: Correlates with biomedical research and clinical innovations.   Manton KG, Corder LS, Stallard E. FASEB Journal. 1997. 11(12):923-930. Full Text

Morbidity, Disability, and Long-Term Care of the Elderly: Implications for Insurance Financing.   Liu K, Manton KG, Liu BM. Milbank Quarterly. 1990. 68: 445-492. Abstract.

Multidimensional disability/mortality trajectories at ages 65 and over: The impact of state dependence.   Manton KG, Land KC. Soc Indic Res. 2000. 51(2):193-221. Full Text. Table 1. Table 2. Table 3. Table 4. Table 5. Table 6. Table 7. Table 8. Table 9. Table 10.

Multivariate Analysis of Nonresponse in Longitudinal Surveys: Evidence from the 1982 and 1989 National Long Care Surveys.  Corder LS, Woodbury MA, Manton KG. Unpublished Manuscript: Center for Demographic Studies. 1997. Duke University.

National Long Term Care Survey.   In Encyclopedia of Aging, Second Edition. 1999. (Maddox GL, Ed.). Springer, New York. Full Text

National surveys and the health and functioning of the elderly - The effects of design and content.   Corder LS, Manton KG. Journal of Am Stat Assoc. 1991. 86(414):513-525.

New methods for analyzing active life expectancy.  Laditka SB, Wolf DA. Journal of Aging and Health. 1998. 10(2):214.

Noninsured Home and Community-Based Long-Term Care Incidence and Continuance Tables.   Stallard E, Yee RK. Actuarial Report Issued by the Long-Term Care Experience Committee. 2000. Society of Actuaries:Schaumberg, IL.

Nonresponse patterns among the US aged population: Data from the National Long Term Care Survey.   Corder LS, Mulder M, Manton KG. Presented at the International Conference on Survey Nonresponse. October 28-31, 1999, Portland, Oregon.

Nonwhite and white age trajectories of mortality: Evidence from extinct cohort analysis, 1950 to 1992.   Manton KG, Stallard E. Minorities, Aging, and Health. 1997. Markides K, Miranda M, eds. Sage Publications, pp. 15-35.

Older adults as a community resource: Results from the national survey of self-care and aging.  Kincade JE, Rabiner DJ, Bernard SL, Woomert A,. Gerontologist. 1996. 36(4):474. ProQuest.

Out-of-pocket home care expenditures for disabled elderly.   Stum MS, Bauer JW, Delaney PJ. Journal of Consumer Affairs. 1996. 30(1):24-47. ProQuest.

Overwhelming Odds: Caregiving and the Risk of Institutionalization.  Newman SJ, Struyk R, Wright P, Rice M. Journal of Gerontology. 1990. 45(5):S173-83. Abstract. ProQuest.

Partial Support for Elderly in the Community At Risk of Spending Down.   Gruenberg, Leonard and Ajith, Silva. University of Maryland Center on Aging. 1998. MMIP Technical Assistance Paper No 5. Reprint.

Patterns and Correlates of Formal and Informal Care among Black and White Elderly.   Fonda Stephanie J, Luong Van H. Presented at the 16th Annual Meeting of the Academy for Health Services Research. 1999.

Patterns and Determinants of Functional Limitations Among Community-Dwelling Older Adults in China and the United States.   LiJing L Yan-Li. National Bureau of Economic Research, Stanford, California, USA. 2001. Renaissance Hotel, Vancouver, BC, Canada, June 28th to June 30th.

Patterns and Predictors of Non-Institutional Health Care Utilization by Older Adults in Rural and Urban America.   Rabiner DJ. Journal of Rural Health. 1995. 11(4): 259-273. Abstract.

Patterns of Onset of Disability in Activities of Daily Living with Age.  Jagger C, Arthur AJ, Spiers NA, Clarke M. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. 2001. 49(4):404-9. Abstract.

Physical and Cognitive Impairment: Do They Require Different Kinds of Help?   Clark Robert F. US Department of Health and Human Services. 1991. Full Text.

Potential and Active Family Caregivers: Changing Networks and the Sandwich Generation.   Spillman Brenda C, Pezzin Liliana E. Milbank Quarterly. 2000. 78(3). Full Text.

Potential and Active Long-Term Care Decisions In The Presence Of Endogenous Child Characteristic.   Stern, Steven. Journal of Human Resources. 1995. Vol. 30, No. 3, Summer. 551-80 pp. Madison, Wisconsin.

Potential impact of expanding home health-care to serve persons with chronic needs - Evidence from the 1984 national long-term care survey.   Williams BC. Clinical Research. 1991. 39(2):A612-A612.

Predicting 10-year care requirements for older people with suspected Alzheimer's disease.   Kinosian BP, Stallard E, Lee JH, Woodbury MA, Zbrozek AS, Glick HA. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. 2000. 48(6):631-638. Abstract.

Predicting 5-Year Outcomes of Alzheimer's Disease.  Kinosian B, Stallard E, Lee J, Woodbury M, Berzon R, Zbrosek A, Smith EM, Glick H. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. 1998. 46(9):S70.

Predicting elderly nursing-home admissions - Results from the 1982-1984 national long-term care survey.   Hanley RJ, Alecxih LMB, Wiener JM, Kennell DL. Research on Aging. 1990. 12(2):199-228. Abstract.

Predicting Elderly people's Risk for Nursing Home Placement, Hospitalization, Functinal Impairment, and Mortality: A Synthesis.  Miller EA, Weissert WG. Medical Care Research and Review. 2000. 57(3):259-297. Abstract.

Predicting nursing-home admission and length of stay - A duration analysis.   Liu K, Coughlin T, Mcbride T. Medical Care. 1991. 29(2):125-141.

Predicting The Risk Of 'Permanent' Nursing Home Residence: The Role Of Community Help As Indicated By Family Helpers And Prior Living Arrangements.   Boaz RF, Muller CF. Health Services Research. 1994. 29(4):391-414. Abstract. ProQuest.

Predictors of elders' and family caregivers' use of formal home services.   Houde SC. Res Nurs Health. 1998. 21(6):533-543. Abstract.

Prevalence and Correlates of Unmet Need Among the Elderly with ADL Disabilities.   Jackson Mary E. US Department of Health and Human Services. 1991. Feb. Full Text.

Programs of All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly (PACE).   Anonymous. Health Care Financing Administration. 1999. Final Rule [[Page 66234]] [HCFA-1903-IFC] RIN 0938-AJ63 Federal Register: November 24, 1999 (Volume 64, Number 226)

Progressive versus Catastrophic Loss of the Ability to Walk: Implications for the Prevention of Mobility Loss.  Jack M Guralnik, Luigi Ferrucci, Jennifer L Balfour, Stefano Volpato, Angelo Di Iorio. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. 2001. 49(11):1463-1470.

Projecting Fatalities in Crashes Involving Older Drivers, 2000 - 2025.   Hu Patricia S, Jones Donald W, Reuscher Timothy, Schmoyer Richard S, Jr, Truett Lorena F. the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee. 2000. Reprint.

Projecting Long-Term Care Use and Cost, Development of Prevalence-Based Long-Term Care Financing Models.   Gruenberg Leonard. The Long-Term Care Data Institute, Cambridge, MA. 1998. July. Abstract.

Projections Of Ohio's Older Disabled Population: 2015 To 2050.   Mehdizadeh Shahla A, Kunkel Suzanne R, Ritchey P Neal. Scripps Gerontology Center, Miami University, Oxford, Ohio 45056. 2001. July. Full Text.

Proxy response patterns among the aged: Effects on estimates of health status and medical care utilization from the 1982-1984 long-term care surveys.   Corder LS, Woodbury MA, Manton KG. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology. 1996. 49(2):173-82. Abstract. Elsevier.

Psychosocial Issues for Older Adults in Disasters.   Oriol William. Center for Mental Health Services. 1999. DHHS Publication No. ESDRB SMA 99-3323, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Reprint.

Public subsidies, private provision of care and living arrangements of the elderly.   Hoerger TJ, Picone GA, Sloan FA. Review of Economics and Statistics. 1996. 78(3):428-440. JSTOR.

Race, disability and assistive devices: sociodemographics or discrimination.  Rubin RM, White-Means SI. International Journal of Social Economics. 2001. 28(10):927-941. Ingenta.

Racial differences in skilled nursing care and home health use: The mediating effects of family structure and social class.   Cagney KA, Agree EM. Journal of Gerontology: Ser B-Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 1999. 54(4):S223-S236. ProQuest.

Racial patterns in disabled elderly persons' use of medical services.  White-Means SI. Journal of Gerontology: Ser B-Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2000. 55(2):S76-89. Abstract.

Recent Changes In Service Use Patterns Of Disabled Medicare Beneficiaries.   Manton KG, Liu K. Health Care Financing Review. 1990. 11(3):51-66. Abstract.

Recent Trends in Disability and Functioning Among Older Adults in the United States: A Systematic Review.   Freedman VA, Martin LG, Schoeni RF. Journal of the American Medical Association. 2002. 288(24):3137-46. Abstract. Full Text.

Reciprocity, elder satisfaction, and caregiver stress and burden: The exchange of aid in the family caregiving relationship.  Lee GR, Jankowski, Thomas B. Journal of Marriage and Family. 1994. 56(1):35-43.

Reducing Disability in Older Age.   Fries, JF. Journal of the American Medical Association. 2002. 288(24):3164-6.

Residential Choices and Prospective Risks of Nursing Home Entry.   Couch KA, Kao D. Maxwell Center for Demography and Economics of Aging. 1998. Aging Studies Program Paper No. 16. Full Text.

Resource effects on access to long-term care for frail older people.   Jenkins CL. Journal of Aging and Social Policy. 2001. 13(4):35-52. Abstract.

Retirement and health: Estimates and projections of acute and long-term care needs and expenditures in the US elderly population.   Stallard E. Retirement Needs Framework. 2000. SoA Monograph M-RS00-01. Society of Actuaries:Schaumberg, IL, pp. 159-208.

Senior Housing And Services: Economic, Demographic And Policy Issues And Their Land Use Impacts: A Literature Review and Issue Paper.   Nickel, Denise R. The New Jersey Office of State Planning. 1994. Technical Reference Document #108, August 10. Reprint.

Shared Caregiving Responsibilities of Adult Siblings with Elderly Parents.   Checkovich TJ, Stern S. Journal of Human Resources. 2002. 37(3):441-478. Reprint.

Siblings as caregivers for impaired elders.   Cicirelli VG, Coward RT, Dwyer JW. Research on Aging. 1992. 14(3):331-350.

Social Insurance (Actuarial Standards of Practice #32).   Bogart JL, Applebaum JA, Burrows EE, Foster RS, Goss SC, Gustafson CD, Khalil MO, Kleiber EJ, Ostaszewski KM, Pope JD, Schobel BD, Solomon RL, Stallard E, Steiner KA, Wandishin JA. American Academy of Actuaries:Washington, DC. 1998. 11/6/2001. Reprint.

Sociodemographic correlates of the size and composition of informal caregiver networks among frail ethnic elderly.   Thornton MC, Whitemeans SI, Choi HK. Journal of Comparative Family Studies. 1993. 24(2):235-250. Abstract

Spouses and children of disabled elders: How large a constituency for long-term care reform?   Stone, Robyn I, Kemper, Peter. Milbank Quarterly. 1989. 67(3-4):485-506. Abstract.

Spouses and Children of Disabled Elders: Potential and Active Caregivers.   Stone Robyn I, Kemper Peter. Long-Term Care Studies Program Research Reports, National Center for Health Services Research and Health Care Technology Assessment. 1989. Jan.

Stability and change in the informal task support network of frail older persons.   Miller B, McFall S. Gerontologist. 1991. 31(6):735-45. Abstract.

State Tax Incentive Programs for Informal Caregivers and the Elderly.   Hendrickson MC et al. Health Care Financing Administration. 1988.

Statement on the Budgetary Impact of HR 2116, the Veterans' Millennium Health Care Act before the Subcommittee on Health, Committee on Veterans' Affairs, US House of Representatives.   Van de Water Paul N. Congressional Budget Office. 1999. June 30, 1999. Link.

Strategic play among family members when making long-term care decisions.   Hiedemann B, Stern S. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization. 1999. 40(1):29-57. Full Text.

Tai Chi For The Prevention Of Fractures In A Nursing Home Population: An Economic Analysis.   Wilson Craig J, and Datta Santanu. Journal of Clinical Outcome Management. 1994. 8(3):19-27. Abstract.

Technology Needs of Aging Boomers.   Coughlin Joseph F. Issues in Science and Technology. 1999. 16(1):53. Full Text.

The association of gender, sibling network composition, and patterns of parent care by adult children.  Coward RT, Dwyer JW. Research on Aging. 1990. 12(2):158-81.Abstract.

The Case for Investing in Seniors Housing & Long Term Care Properties.   Singer Harvey. National Investment Center for The Seniors Housing & Care Industries. 2001. Annapolis, MD.

The Characteristics of Long-Term Care Users.   Spector William D, Fleishman John A, Pezzin Liliana E, Spillman, Brenda C. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. 2000. AHRQ Pub. No. 00-0049, September . Full Text.

The Concentration of Medical Spending: An Update.   Cutler DM, Meara E. National Bureau of Economic Research. 1999. Working Paper 7279. Reprint.

The demography of aging.   Manton KG. Principles and Practice of Geriatric Medicine. 1998. Third Edition (Pathy, MSJ, Ed.). Wiley:London, pp. 97-110.

The Demography of Family Care for the Elderly.   Wolf DA, Freedman V, Soldo BJ. in Aging and Generational Relations Over the Life Course: A Historical and Cross-Cultural Perspective. Edited by Tamara K. Hareven. 1996. New York: Walter de Gruyter.

The dynamics of dimensions of age related disability 1982 to 1994 in the US elderly population.   Manton KG, Stallard E, Corder LS. Journal of Gerontology: Biological Sciences. 1998. 53A(1):B59-B70. Abstract. Table 1. Table 2. Table 3. Table 4. Table 5. Table 6.

The Economic Impact of Long-Term Care on Individuals.   Alecxih Lisa and Kennell David. US Department of Health and Human Services. 1994. October. Full Text.

The Effect of Altering ADL Thresholds on Active Life Expectancy Estimates Among Older Persons.   Lynch SM, Brown JS, Harmsen KG. Journal of Gerontology: Soc Sci. 2003. 58B(3):S171.

The Effect of Caregiver's Burden on Change in Frail Older Person's Use of Formal Helpers.   Miller B, McFall S. Journal of Health and Social Behavior. 1991. 32(2):165-79.

The Effect Of Long-Term Care Supply On The Risk Of Nursing Home Residence Among Older People.   Weber, S. Florida Policy Exchange Center on Aging. 1999.

The Effect Of Nursing Home Use On Medicaid Eligibility.  Liu K, Manton KG. Gerontologist. 1989. 29(1):59-66. Abstract.

The effect of the medicaid home care benefit on long-term-care choices of the elderly.   Ettner SL. Economic Inquiry. 1994. 32(1):103-127. Abstract

The effects of health changes on projections of health service needs for the elderly population of the United States.   Singer B, Manton KG. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA. 1998. 95:15618-15622. Abstract. Full Text (.html). Reprint (.pdf). Figure 1. Figure 2.

The Feminization of Poverty and Older Women: An Update.   Minkler, Meredith, Stone, Robyn. Gerontologist. 1985. Vol. 25, No. 4, August. p. 351-357.

The future growth of the long-term care population: Projections based on the 1977 National Nursing Home Survey and the 1982 Long-Term Care Survey.  Manton KG, Liu K. Third National Leadership Conference on Long-Term Care Issues. 1984.

The future of old age.   Manton KG. Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology. 1998. 5E (Brocklehurst JC, Tallis RC, Fillit HM, Eds.). Churchill Livingstone:London.

The impact of disability definition on estimates of incidence and prevalence of long term care.   Stallard E, Manton KG. Southern Demographic Association. 1997. Annual Meeting, Orlando FL, September 27.

The impact of elder health, caregiver involvement, and global stress on 2 dimensions of caregiver burden.   Miller B, McFall S, Montgomery A. Journal of Gerontology. 1991. 46(1):S9-S19. ProQuest.

The impact of female caregivers' employment status on patterns of formal and informal eldercare.   Doty P, Jackson ME, Crown W. Gerontologist. 1998. 38(3):331-341. Abstract

The limits of longevity and their implications for health and mortality in developed countries.   Manton KG, Stallard E, Corder LS. UN-CBGS Symposium on Health and Mortality. 1999. (Presented at the Symposium on Health and Mortality, Brussels, Belgium, November 19-22, 1998.) Full Text. Table 1. Figure 1. Figure 2.

The long-run effect of the medicare catastrophic coverage act.   Norton EC, Kumar V. Inquiry-J Health Care Organ Provis Financ. 2000. 37(2):173-187. Abstract.

The Older Americans Act Amendments Of 2000.   Congressional Record. October 26, 2000 (Senate), Page S11035-S11041. Link.

The Predictors Of Long-Term Care Service Utilization Among Older Americans.   Pan SM, Yang JT, Chen CC. Kaohsiung J Med Sci. 1998.14(4):226-33. Abstract.

The Reduction In Disability Among The Elderly.  Cutler David M. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA. 2001. 98(12):6546-7. Full Text.

The Relationship between Sex, Gender, and Disability: Do Women Really Tend To Be More Disabled than Men?   Graham Robert J. Presented: American Sociological Association. 1998. Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA, August 21-25.

The relative effect of Alzheimer's disease and related dementias, disability, and comorbidities on cost of care for elderly persons.   Taylor DH, Schenkman M, Zhou J, Sloan FA. Journal of Gerontology: Ser B-Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2001. 56(5):S285-S293. Abstract

The Risk Of Nursing Home Use In Later Life.   Murtaugh CM, Kemper P, Spillman BC. Medical Care. 1990. 28(10):952-62. Abstract.

The Role of Informal Long-Term Care and the Cost-Effectiveness of Community-Based Formal Care: A Survey of Research Findings and Their Policy Implications for Long-Term Care in Florida.   Polivka Larry. Long-Term Care Policy Series, Prepared for the Commission on Long-Term Care in Florida. 1996. Volume III, October. Link.

The Role of Price in the Demand for Formal and Informal Home Care Among the Functionally Impaired Elderly.   Sangl, Judith. AHSR. 1993. Health Services Research: Implications for Policy, Management & Clinical Practice, AHSR Annual Meeting, June 27-29, 1993. Washington Hilton and Towers, Washington DC.

The roles of medicaid and economic factors in the demand for nursing home care.   Reschovsky JD. Health Services Research. 1998. 33(4):787-813. Abstract

The structure of informal care - Are there differences by race.   Burton L, Kasper J, Shore A, Cagney K, LaVeist T, Cubbin C, German P. Gerontologist. 1995. 35(6):744-752. Abstract. ProQuest.

The supply of children's time to disabled elderly parents.   Sloan FA, Picone G, Hoerger TJ. Economic Inquiry. 1997. 35(2):295-308.

The Trade-Off between Hours of Paid Employment and Time Assistance to Elderly Parents at Midlife.   Johnson RW, Lo Sasso AT. The Urban Institute 2100 M Street, NW / Washington DC 20037. 2000. Feb 7. Reprint.

Time costs and informal social support as determinants of differences between black and white families in the provision of long-term care.   Headen AE. Inquiry. 1992. 29(4):440-50. Abstract.

Transitions through postacute and long-term care settings: patterns of use and outcomes for a national cohort of elders.   Murtaugh CM, Litke A. Medical Care. 2002. 40(3):227-36. Abstract.

Trends for the elderly-implications for income support, health and provision for long-term care.   Manton KG. Chapter 8 in Proceedings: Future Income and Health Care Needs and Resources for the Aged. (Ross SG, Walker DM, Eds.). 1994. 119-77. Proceedings of the Conference sponsored by the Public Trustees of the Social Security and Medicare Trust Funds, Baltimore, Md. Full Text. Table 1. Table 2. Table 3. Table 4. Table 5. Table 6. Table 7. Table 8. Table 9. Table 10. Table 11.

US trends in disability and institutionalization among older blacks and whites.  Clark DO. American Journal of Public Health. 1997. 87(3):438-40. Abstract. ProQuest.

Use of medical care by african american and white older persons: Comparative analysis of three national data sets.   Miller B, Campbell RT, Furner S, Kaufman JE, Li M, Muramatsu N, Prohaska T. Journal of Gerontology: Ser B-Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 1997. 52(6):S325-S335. Abstract. ProQuest.

Use of medicare services before and after introduction of the prospective payment system.   Manton KG, Woodbury MA, Vertrees JC, Stallard E. Health Services Research. 1993. 28(3):269-92. Abstract

Use of the 1989 National Long-Term Care Survey for Examining Cognitive Impairment Eligibility Criteria.   Jackson Mary Elizabeth, Doty Pamela. Presented at the 25th Public Health Conference on Records and Statistics and the National Committee on Vital and Health Statistics 45th Anniversary Symposium. Washington, DC, July 17-19, 1995. Published in "Data Needs in an Era of Health Reform", Proceedings of the Public Health Conference on Records and Statistics, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. Rockville, MD. 1995. Full Text.

Using the Long-Term Care Surveys: Longitudinal and Cross-Sectional Analyses of Disabled Older People.   Kasper, Judith D. Proceedings of the 1987 Public Health Conference on Records and Statistics. 1988. DHHS Pub.No.88-1214. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics, pp.353-358.

Variation in disability decline and Medicare expenditures.   Manton KG, Singer B. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA. 2001. in press.

Vitality index in survival modeling: How physiological aging influences mortality.   Zuev SM, Yashin AI, Manton KG, Dowd E, Pogojev IB, Usmanov RN. Journal of Gerontology: Biological Sciences. 2000. 55(1):B10-B19. Abstract.

Why Do Some Caregivers of Disabled and Frail Elderly Quit?   Boaz RF, Muller CF. Health Care Financing Review. 1991. 13(2):41-7. Abstract. ProQuest.

Will paid home care erode informal support?   Hanley RJ, Wiener JM, Harris KM. Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law. 1991. 16(3):507-21. Abstract.